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2/1st Australian Infantry Battalion of the East Sydney Regiment papers

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Record title

2/1st Australian Infantry Battalion of the East Sydney Regiment papers

Call numbers

MLMSS 11328

Record identifier

1bGLmErY

2/1st Australian Infantry Battalion of the East Sydney Regiment papers

ACCESS
https://collection.sl.nsw.gov.au/record/1bGLmErY

2/1st Australian Infantry Battalion of the East Sydney Regiment papers

Full title

2/1st Australian Infantry Battalion of the East Sydney Regiment papers

Author / Creator

Date

approximately 1942-1983

Call Numbers

MLMSS 11328

Record Identifier

1bGLmErY
Physical Description

Contents

0.16 metres of textual material (1 box)

Other Descriptions

Level of description

Fonds

Access and use

Physical Access Conditions

This manuscript collection is awaiting further processing. Usually 5 working days notice is required for access. Please submit your request through Ask a Librarian

More information

SCOPE AND CONTENTS

Contents

Collection of papers documenting the activities of the 2/1st Australian Infantry Battalion of the East Sydney Regiment during WWII, including typed accounts by Lieutenant Cecil Traise (1914-1997) of Singleton, New South Wales and others, musical notation for the ‘First Battalion Marching Song’ by Anzac Evans, poems, newspaper clippings, photocopies...

ALTERNATIVE TITLES

Full title

2/1st Australian Infantry Battalion of the East Sydney Regiment papers

AUTHORS, ARTISTS AND CONTRIBUTORS

Author / Creator

CONTEXTUAL INFORMATION

Source

Presented by Michael Waldron, 2022

Administrative / Biographical history

The 2/1st Battalion was raised at Victoria Barracks, Sydney, on 16 October 1939 as part of the 16th Brigade of the 6th Australian Division and embarked for overseas service on 10 January 1940.
The battalion's first campaign was the advance from Egypt into eastern Libya in January and February 1941 where it was involved in the attacks to capture Bardia (3-5 January) and Tobruk (21-22 January).
On 22 March the battalion arrived in Greece and was deployed north to resist the anticipated German invasion. The battalion occupied positions at Veria on 7 April but, in the face of superior German force, withdrew south on 12 April and was evacuated by sea from Megara on 25 April.
After landing on Crete, the battalion was deployed with the 2/11th Battalion to defend the airfield at Retimo. The German airborne invasion of Crete began on 20 May but a tenacious defence denied them Retimo airfield until 30 May. German victories elsewhere on Crete, however, allowed them to concentrate overwhelming force against Retimo and, short of rations and ammunition, the 2/1st surrendered and became prisoners of war.
The battalion was rebuilt in Palestine and subsequently manned defences in northern Syria between October 1941 and January 1942. It left the Middle East, heading for the war against Japan, on 10 March 1942. Between 26 March and 13 July they defended Ceylon (present-day Sri Lanka) from possible Japanese attack.
In the South-West Pacific the 2/1st Battalion fought in two campaigns - the advance along the Kokoda Trail to the Japanese beachheads between September 1942 and January 1943, and the drive to clear the Japanese from the Aitape-Wewak region of New Guinea between December 1944 and August 1945.
The 2/1st Battalion disbanded in December 1945.

Reference
Australian War Memorial, viewed 5 May 2022, https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/U56044

Cecil Traise (1914-1997) was born in Singleton, New South Wales and enlisted in the Australian Army in June 1940. Cecil was assigned to the 2/1st Battalion and saw action in the Middle East and New Guinea before being discharged in 1946 and returning to career as an accountant in Tamworth.

Reference
Library correspondence file...

Identifiers

PRIMARY IDENTIFIERS

Call Numbers

MLMSS 11328

Record Identifier

1bGLmErY

Permalink

https://collection.sl.nsw.gov.au/record/1bGLmErY

OTHER IDENTIFIERS

Reference code

9664273

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